Ramadan, the most merciful month, in which the Holy Quran has sent down for the well-being of Ummah.
In Ramadan, fasting is the one of the major obligatory practice along with nightly Salah. All over the world, people observe fasting with perfection and devotion to achieve piety and righteousness.
What is Ramadan Fasting?
Fasting is another unique moral and consecrated distinguishing of Islam. Literally defined, fasting means to remain away “entirely” from having foods, drinks, intimate intercourse, and smoking, before the break of the dawn till sunset, during the entire month of Ramadan, the ninth month of the Islamic year. To perform fasting properly one should know some important knowledge regarding fasting.
Here are some basic information of Muslim fasting during Ramadan you need to know.
What Can You Not Do During Ramadan?
In Ramadan, during day-time, some sorts of practices are strictly prohibited and some other are highly discouraged to do.
- Having food. Any kind of food, liquid or solid cannot be taken in the daytime after Fajr (dawn) till Maghrib (dusk). If someone takes food unwillingly or doing anything which is not valid in fasting with unconsciousness, it does break your fast.
- Having sexual intercourse or another sexual contact (or masturbation) that results in ejaculation (in men) or vaginal secretions (orgasm) in women
- Doing something that drives you to vomit.
- The commencement of menstrual or post-childbirth bleeding even in the last minute prior to the sunset.
- Eating, drinking, smoking or having intimate intercourse after Fajr (dawn) on the mistaken assumption that it is not Fajr time yet. Similarly, engaging such type of acts before Maghrib (sunset) on the wrong hypothesis that it is already Maghrib time.
During daytime sexual intercourse is strictly prohibited. If someone does it, has to do both qadaa’ (make up the fast) and kaffarah (expiation by fasting for 60 days at a stretch after Ramadan, or feeding 60 poor people for each day).
According to Imam Abu Hanifah, eating and/or drinking deliberately during fast also entail the same qadaa’ and kaffarah.
Things That Can Be Done During Ramadan
- Using miswak (tooth-stick) or toothbrush even with toothpaste. There is a mild misconception about using toothpaste as it has.
- Having bathed or shower in pond or river.
- Taking injection or having a blood test.
- Using perfumes, wearing contact lenses or using eye drops.
- Eating, smoking or drinking unintentionally in daytime. But one should stop having as soon as it is recalled.
- Kissing and hugging between husband and wife is also allowed in fasting.
- Sleeping in daytime and having a wet-dream does not damage the fasting. Similarly, if one has intercourse at night and not able to have bath yet, can start fast and perform bath later.
Things That Are Discouraged to Do During Ramadan
- Having hard meals, as the Prophet always put light meal, the worst thing man can fill is his stomach.
- Diving in pond, river because there is a possibility to cause the water to go from the mouth or nose into the stomach.
- One should try to avoid kissing between husband and wife so that one may not do anything further that is forbidden during the fast.